H.E.S.E. Project Document
submitted to the TENTH INTERNATIONAL MONTREUX CONGRESS ON STRESS
Effects on Humans of Electromagnetic Fields In The Frequency Range
0 to 3 GHz
Results Of A Study of Russian Medical Literature From 1960 to 1996
Balzer, MD., Karl Hecht, M. D., Institute of Stress Research
is a great deal of controversy about the biological and psycho-biological
effects of electromagnetic fields on human beings. In the discussions of
results of studies of western countries, which usually take place over a time
period of only 1 to 3 years, Russian medical literature is neglected to a great
extent. "We analyzed about 1500 original works of Russian medical
literature from the years 1960 to 1996, in which the effects of electromagnetic
fields on humans, animals, and plants were studied."
The following evaluation
summary has to do to a large extent with examinations carried out by company
physicians involving several thousand industrial workers subject to effects
from electromagnetic fields, radar stations, and high-voltage plants, where the
periods of influence spanned a range of up to 20 years. The following symptoms
are characteristic and appeared much more often and intensely in relation to the
number of years of service by the worker in a plant.
Neurasthenia, neurotic symptoms
Arterial hypotension, bradycardia or
Vagotonic displacement of the
EEG changes (deterioration of the alpha
Hyperfunction of the thyroid
Passive tremor of the fingers
Disturbances in the
hypothalamic-hypophyseal cortico-adrenal system
Digestive system disorders
Slowing down of the senseorimotor system
symptoms reported by the patients:
Lack of concentration
Profuse outbreaks of perspiration
Spontaneous excitability due to hypotonic
reaction conditions, especially under
heavy work pressure
three-stage symptom complex was determined:
- 1st stage:
Beginning symptoms which can last up to 3 years: without findings or a
sympathicotonic reaction level
- 2nd stage:
pronounced symptoms lasting 3 to 5 years a reversal (shift) gradually occurs from the normal
or hypertonic level to that of hypotonia.
- 3rd stage:
highly pronounced symptoms more or less distinct replications of the
symptom complex mentioned above.
the symptoms at stages 1 or 2 can subside into remission, they become unremitting (chronic) at stage 3.
extensive supplementary experiments on test animals, it was determined that the
biological effects of electromagnetic fields depend on a number of factors:
of subjection to influence
Kind of electro-magnetic field
also depends on the particular wavelength (when the dose is the same):
cause hardly any biological effect at all,
cm-waves very little effect,
dm-waves a distinct effect,
m-waves a very highly pronounced effect.
has also been shown from the results of animal experiments that
electro-magnetic fields (depending on the factors previously mentioned) trigger
an unspecific biological reaction over a longer period of time (along the lines
of Hans Selye) that later usually remain at a hypotonic level.
were made between the symptom complex caused by electro-magnetic fields and by
Overloading of Towns and Cities with
Transmitters (Cellular Transmitter): a Hazard
for the Human Health and
a Disturbance of Eco-Ethics
Hecht, Elena N. Savoley, IRCHET International Research Centre of Healthy and
Ecological Technology, Berlin – Germany, 2007
A Very Serious Warning 36 Years Ago
electromagnetic radiations emanating for radar, television, communications
systems, microwave ovens, industrial heat-treatment systems, medical diathermy
units, and many other sources permeate the modern environment, both civilian
adequate monitoring and control based on a fundamental understanding of
biological effects are instituted in the near future, in the decades ahead, man
may enter an era of energy pollution of the environment comparable to the
chemical pollution of today.”
consequences of undervaluing or misjudging the biological effects of long-term,
low level exposure could become a critical problem for the public health,
especially if genetic effects are involved.”
quotations are excerpts from the US government report “Program for
Pollution of the Environment”, which was published in December 1971. The government
report was drafted starting in December 1968 by an expert group made up of nine
people, “The Electromagnetic Radiation Management Advisory Council”. “The
President’s Office of Telecommunications Policy” issued the order. This report
was an urgent warning for the future.
Today (2007): Ignoring This Warning and Irresponsible Deception
36 years have passed since the publishing of this report. Unfortunately, this
urgent warning, which is scientifically well-founded, is currently not taken seriously.
The beauty of landscapes and cities are spoiled with “forests of radiant radio
antennas” in order to serve a new addiction of people: telecommunication. From
this unethical, environment-disfiguring antenna forest, people are continuously
bombarded by invisible, imperceptible, health damaging, stressing,
high-frequency, electromagnetic radiations.
As predicted 36 years ago in the US government
report, our planet today is more “contaminated” by “electronic smog” than with
the chemistry that already heavily strains people. Those responsible have
unfortunately still not considered a possible double strain of these two
telecommunications and microwave industry even contends that these high-frequency
electromagnetic radiations are not harmful for people’s health. That is
support the opposite.
Radio Wave or Microwave Sickness Known for 75 Years
years ago in August 1932, the German doctor Erwin Schliephake published
data in the German Medical Weekly about radio transmitter-induced “microwave” or
“radio wave sickness” with the following symptoms: severe tiredness and fatigue
during the day, fitful sleep in the night, headaches to the point of intolerability,
and high susceptibility to infection.
symptoms, which are also observed in neurasthenia (enervation), were not to be
traced back to the thermal effects, but rather to the athermal effects of
high-frequency electromagnetic radiation, according to Schliephake’s view. The
health-damaging effect of high-frequency electromagnetic and electric radiation
was reproduced in thousands of investigations.
microwave sickness, induced by athermal high-frequency EMF radiation, was
verified by the scientific work of the Russian author Zinaida Gordon from the
Moscow Institute for Industrial Hygiene und Occupational Diseases, in 1966 in
the Russian language and in 1970 in the English language, among many others.
She examined more than 1,000 workers who worked at radio installations,
electric utilities, radar stations, etc., over the duration of 10 years. She
established the following symptoms:
− neurovegetative disorders
loss of productiveness
− hyperactivity and inner agitation
cardiovascular regulation changes of various types
to Prof. Gordon , the symptoms strengthened with increasing duration of exposure,
and sensitivity to the microwave radiations increased.
were presented by Baranski (1971, 1967, 1966) and Czereski et al.
microwave syndrome and
chromosome damage, and by
[1967, 1965, 1964, 1963, 1961] about:
− chromosome damage
- embryonic development disorders after the chronic influence of
Marha, from the Institute for Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Prague (1968-1971), reported about analogous symptoms, like they had already
been described by the others. He stressed, though, that the brain functions are
especially sensitive to high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
from 1955 until 1969, eleven large conferences took place under the title
– Their Biologic Effects and Damages to Health”. The so-called Richmond
in 1969 presented such overwhelming facts that the above-mentioned government report
had to be compiled. Besides the microwave symptoms mentioned, gastric bleeding,
leukemia, chromosome breakages, cancer, and clouding of the eye lenses were
also observed by doctors in the USA.
in November 1958, the “Security Measures for Persons in the Range of Microwave Generators”
was instituted by order of the Minister of the Soviet Public Health Service.
Eastern Threshold Value Around Three Orders of Magnitude Lower
Western Threshold Value
threshold value was established at the value of 0.01 mW/cm2 for full-time
contacts with high-frequency electromagnetic radiation, based on research
results in Russia (the
former Soviet Union).
threshold value was bindingly stipulated at 10.0 mW/cm2 in the USA at the 1955
at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.
With the establishment of NATO, this threshold value became binding also for Western Europe. This difference of three orders of
magnitude between the threshold value in the East and the threshold value in
the West still exists today.
the East, electrical smog is taken more seriously. The annual report of the
national Committee of Russia for non-ionizing radiation of the year 2002
addressed the following themes among
− “Emotional stress and EMFs”
“Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer”,
“The State of Health
and Work Conditions of Workers in Civil Aviation Who Operate
Radar, Navigation, and
“The Functional Brain Hemisphere Asymmetry Under the Influence of Magnetic
adopted the following recommendations for the protection and safety from mobile
telephone use: mobile telephones should not be used by children under 18 years old,
pregnant women, patients with neurologic diseases, neurathenia, psychopathy,
neurosis, sleep disorders, memory loss, or epilepsy syndrome.
it is recommended to keep mobile phone conversations as short as possible and
in no case to have a conversation longer than 15 minutes.
Research into the Findings in the Russian-Language Scientific
Shocked German Authorities
Dr. Karl Hecht and his associate Hans-Ullrich Balzer were commissioned in 1996
by the German Federal Institute for Telecommunication to carry out research on
the Russian technical literature about the health-damaging and biological
effect of high-frequency electromagnetic radiations from the years 1960-1996.
In 1997, the authors turned over the report, which was based on 878 scientific
works, to the sponsor. The data was so overwhelming for the German conditions
that the report immediately disappeared into the archive.
The Duration of the Effect of High-Frequency Electromagnetic
– Decisive for Health Damage
we would like to mention a few important facts of this report.
duration of the effects proved to be a very decisive factor for the
health-damaging effect of the EMF. A three-phase progression in the development
of the microwave syndrome was proved.
the first 1-3 years, predominantly a sympathicotonic deflected initial phase
demonstrated, which proceeded in three sub-phases:
Subphase: Pronounced sympathicotonia
(hypertonia) activation phase. This phase is
with the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome of Selye and with the unspecific
activation according to Lindsley , Lacey , and others.
Subphase: Performance-promoting, increased
sympathicotonic reaction phase in the sense of a eustress reaction or an
emotional activation [Lindsley 1951]. According to Selye , it is to be
interpreted as a resistance phase.
Subphase: Adaptive, balancing phase with less
sympathicotonic deflection. The body functions are still located in the range
of homeostasis, so normal values are measured, although latent, intermittently
appearing ailments may already express themselves. This phase, too, is still to
be assigned to the resistance phase, according to Selye .
Pre-Morbid or Early Phase of a Chronic Disease
3-5 years of influence duration, weakly visible and/or strengthening pathologic
of neurasthenic basic symptoms with vagotonic reaction tendencies, sleep disorders,
and daytime tiredness appear.
neurasthenic symptoms with increasing pathologic lapses of the regulation system,
neurotic and neurasthenic symptoms, sleep disorders, daytime tiredness, and
general exhaustion are dominating appearances. Effect duration > 5 years.
1. Schema of the stages of illness development after long-term
influence of EMF radiation in comparison with the stages (1, 2, and 3) of the
General Adaptation Syndrome according to Hans Selye . I = activation
phase, A = activation (excitement), B = positive stimulation, C = adaptive
phase; II = latent, weak pathologic development; III = strong pathologic
development. Based of the findings of a literature review [Hecht und Balzer
Essential Findings after Long-Term EMF-(EF-) Effect
neurasthenia, neurotic symptoms
EEG changes (decay of the alpha rhythm into the theta rhythm and isolated delta
deformation of the biologic rhythm hierarchy
disorder in the hypothalamohypophyseal adrenal cortex system
arterial hypotonia, more rarely arterial hypertonia, bradycardia, or
vagotonic displacement of the cardiovascular system
hyperfunction of the thyroid
− resting tremor of the finger
− hair loss
digestive function disorders − tinnitus
slowing down of the sensory motor system
increased susceptibility to infection
exhaustion, lack of energy
− weakness of concentration
quick tiring under stress
constriction of physical and mental ability
concentration and memory decline
spontaneously occurring excitability from hypotonic reaction situation,
in the case of external pressures
cardiac pain, heart racing
1983; Rakitin 1977; Drogitschina et al. 1966; Gordon 1966; Drogitschina und
Sadtschikowa 1965, 1964; Piskunova und
Factors That Can Influence the Development of an Illness through
Non-Ionizing EMF Radiation
of Influence: At the earliest, pathological appearances appear after ca. 3
years; duration of influence > 20 min. daily, 5x per week has no
Younger organisms show greater electromagnetic sensitivity than older ones;
children especially must be protected. Individual State of Health Electromagnetic Sensitivity:
decreasing healthiness increasingly raises electromagnetic sensitivity
of the Elektrolyte/Mineral Balance: lack of minerals and toxic stress increases
stressor effects, e.g. noise, other radiations, conflicts, and stress, increase
the risk to come down with microwave syndrome.
Ingredients and Medications: stimulants, e.g. caffeine, can increase
What Good Are Short-Term Research Projects?
research projects of today’s cell phone, microwave, and telecommunication industry
run for at most one year, very rarely two years. According to the state of
knowledge shown, no harmful effect of the high-frequency electromagnetic
radiation can be established at all. How the factor of the duration of
influence is handled in these research projects should be explained with an
example of a BUWAL study (BUWAL = Switzerland’s Department of the Environment).
findings of a table of scientific works regarding the investigation of the
duration of effect of high-frequency microwave radiations on various function
systems or states of health, which one of us extracted and compiled from the
tables of the BUWAL document, shows that among 129 analyzed scientific works or
studies, an immediate
(up to 1 h) was investigated in 44% of them. The duration of effect was tested
for the short-term (up to three days) in 22.5% of them and for the middle-term
(3-30 days) in 11% of them. Only 22.5% investigated the duration of effect of
high-frequency microwaves longer than a month.
must be added that cardiovascular, hormone system, and immune system symptoms
of radio-wave or microwave sickness are cited in the BUWAL documentation in the
form of headaches, sleep disorders, general condition, EEG changes, and
information processing, which the authors could not explain with their
one-sided conceptions of the thermal effects of high-frequency electromagnetic
such erroneous research approaches, of course no health-damaging effect can be
found. Such research projects are also completely unnecessary, because the
athermal, health damaging effect of high-frequency electromagnetic radiation
has been known for 75 years and has been confirmed again and again during this
time in more than a thousand investigations, whenever serious principles of
research were guaranteed.
The Following Definitions Are Cited For Better Understanding of the Effect of
High-Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation on People and Corresponding
views have existed about the term “health” for 60 years.
medicine defines health as the exemption from organic, verifiable
a definition does not correspond to the realities. The so-called “functional
syndrome” or somatoform disorders (ICD 10F) are not accounted for in it.
the founding preamble of WHO, health is defined as follows: “Health is the
condition of the complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not the
exemption from sicknesses and ailments.” In the Ottawa Charter of 1986,
this definition was extended as follows:
is to be understood “as a satisfactory measure of functional capability in
mental, social, and economic regards and the ability to take care of oneself
an old age” [WHO 1987].
Bioactive Effect and Health Damage
terms health damage, bioactive effect, or bioactive reaction are frequently
used without being sharply delimited from one another, thus leading to
confusion. Therefore, a short definition for clarification:
bioactive effect is mostly an unspecific reaction of the organism to outside
influences of various natures (physical, chemical, social, bacterial, viral).
It must be differentiated:
if this reaction is temporary and the homeostasis (norm) recuperates through a
transient effect; that is an individual’s normal adaptation reaction, or
if the changed reaction remained temporarily (e.g. several days) and then “normalized”
again through a reversible transient effect. That would be equivalent to a
health disorder in which the foreign influence was effective as a trigger, or
if the triggered changed reaction involves problems, losses of abilities to do
things, and quality of life for the long-term and is not reversible. That is
damage to one’s health.
health damage, we thus understand enduring or intermittent irreversible changes
of the physical, mental, and social functional capability of the person, which
can arise from noxious influence developed over the short-term or long-term, or
also from intense, short-term influences (e.g. shock). (Noxa = pollutants,
harmful agents, pathogenic causes)
Animals and Plants are Also in Danger
and plants are also very negatively influenced by this high-frequency
radiation. In the case of cows, reduction of the milk yield and malformed offspring
have been proven. Graver for humankind could be the death of bees observed everywhere
due to the electro-smog contaminated environment. When the bees are dead, people
not only have no more honey, but also no more fruit, because pollination of the
flowers is impossible without bees. Humankind stands today before an important
development of the technogenic pollution of the environment or finding our way
back to Nature.
us remember the report of the Club of Rome  in which there is the
“The pressure of the facts is so great that we must either change our
way-of-life or disappear from the face of the Earth.”
The literature can be requested from
the author or from the internet: www.hese-projekt.org